A forensic study of unnatural death in an oil-rich city in niger delta region of nigeria

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Uchendu J O Ijomone E A Nwachokor F N

Abstract

Objectives: The study is aimed at assessing the profile of unnatural death in an oil-rich city in Niger Delta region.


Method: This is a descriptive retrospective study of all homicidal, accidental and suicidal deaths examined forensically at theCentral hospital mortuary, Warri from January 2003 to December 2016.


Results: Unatural death accounted for 802( 82.5% ) of all medicolegal cases examined within the study period. Homicidal, accidental and suicidal deaths accounted for 541(67.5%),(247) 29.7% and 14(1.1%)respectively of the unnatural deaths. A total of 713(88.9%) males and  89(11.1%)  females were encountered , giving a male-female ratio(MFR)of  8:1. The mean age of the victims is 32.7 years with the peak occurring in the 3rd decade.The most commonly used  weapon for homicidal death is firearms, accounting for 374(69.1%)  of cases. Accidental death result mainly from RTA, drowning, burns and electrocution whichrespectivelyaccounted  for 142(57.5%) 34(13.8%)26(10.5%)  and 19(7.7%) of the cases; and with a MFR of 6:1.


14 cases of suicides were encountered during the study involving 11 males and 3 females,  giving a MFR of 7:2.


Conclusion: The causes of unnatural death are mainly preventable.The resultant premature death, affecting mainly males of productive age is a great source of concern. There is need for the government, the community and individuals to contribute their quotas in reversing this ugly trend.

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How to Cite
O, Uchendu J; A, Ijomone E; N, Nwachokor F. A forensic study of unnatural death in an oil-rich city in niger delta region of nigeria. International Journal of Forensic Medical Investigation, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, p. 8-19, july 2017. ISSN 2489-0286. Available at: <http://ijfmi.com/index.php/home/article/view/43>. Date accessed: 23 nov. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.21816/ijfmi.v3i1.43.
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